The Coalition for Online Accountability (COA) consists of eight leading copyright industry companies, trade associations and member organizations of copyright owners.  COA's goal is to enhance and strengthen online transparency and accountability by working to ensure that domain name and IP address Whois databases remain publicly accessible, accurate, and reliable, as key tools against online infringement of copyright, as well as to combat trademark infringement, cybersquatting, phishing, and other fraudulent or criminal acts online.